Table of Contents

  1. Analysis
  2. Evaluation
  3. Application

How To Write a Reflection

Writing a reflection is a valuable exercise that allows you to think critically about your experience. Whether you want to reflect on an event, something you learned, or a particular experience, putting your thoughts down in a structured reflection can provide valuable personal and professional development.

However, many people arenโ€™t sure how to effectively write a reflection. In this article, I will break down the key components of a strong reflection and guide how to approach each section.

First, itโ€™s important to understand why reflecting is beneficial.

Reflecting allows you to analyze an experience deeper to gain awareness and perspective. It allows you to process what happened consciously and identify what you have learned from it. This learned knowledge can then help guide you in similar future situations.

Reflecting also helps promote metacognition, which is thinking about your thinking. By reflecting, you think critically about how you problem-solved, made decisions, reacted emotionally, and can recognize patterns in your thought processes. This heightened self-awareness helps maximize personal and professional growth.

The formal structure of a reflection further aids the thinking and learning process. Having distinct sections to focus on forces you to analyze different dimensions of an experience instead of letting your thoughts wander. It ensures you gain insightful lessons instead of superficial observations.

Various models of structured reflection exist, but most incorporate some variation of the following key components: description of the experience, analysis of feelings and thoughts, evaluation of what was learned, and identification of future applications.

The first critical part of any reflection is to describe the experience or event you are reflecting on. This description should be objective and factual, aiming to set the context and stage for the following reflective portions. Give the details needed for the reader to picture what occurred without including your opinions or judgments.

Thoroughly cover specifics like who was involved, where it happened, what the situation entailed, any tasks part of it, and how it unfolded over time. This description helps anchor the reflection and is crucial for understanding the later analysis.


The analysis section of a reflection asks you to introspectively examine your thoughts, feelings, and impressions during and after the experience. This is where you share your subjective perspective and start to engage in reflection.

Effective analysis demonstrates deep thinking by providing insight into surface-level emotions and underlying reasons for why you felt a certain way.

Some prompts to help spur critical analysis include exploring how prepared or unprepared you felt, which parts you found easy or difficult and why, how your expectations compared to reality, what surprised you, and how confident you were in your abilities.

You could also reflect on your decision-making process, areas where you succeeded or struggled, interactions with others that stood out, and physical or psychological responses that occurred. The goal is to thoughtfully probe the โ€œwhyโ€ behind your frame of mind and reactions rather than simply stating how you feel.


The evaluation takes the analysis further by critically examining what you learned from the experience. Here, you need to back up your evaluations with convincing evidence and examples from the experience rather than generalizations.

For each new learning or insight identified, tie it back to a specific part of what happened, how you felt, and why that helped trigger this lesson.

Some questions to consider are what performed well and what could have been improved, important skills that were strengthened, weaknesses or blind spots that were revealed, misconceptions that were corrected, how your perspective has developed, and most significantly – what the experience teaches you about yourself or how you can grow.

You may have gained confirmed or new understandings about your strengths, limitations, preferences, what motivates you, and how to behave differently next time based on what you observed.


Now it is time to think about how to apply what you learned from this experience going forward. The application portion transforms a reflection from a retrospective to a prospective learning tool. Here, you need to discuss specific changes you will implement, strategies you will adopt, or goals you will set due to your new understanding.

Rather than vague statements about trying to do better next time, precisely outline the action plan.

Some examples could include practicing identified skills more, seeking similar challenging opportunities, overcoming particular limitations through practice or personal development efforts, advocating for particular needs, communicating more effectively about certain topics, and adjusting future assumptions or behaviors based on lessons learned.

You may also identify early signs that indicate you need to alter your approach or when to ask for assistance. Committing to the application makes the reflection immediately impactful. It holds you accountable for growth and shows that you intentionally strengthen yourself based on your insights.

Simply reflecting without plans to apply learnings defeats the purpose. Leave the reader confident that you will maximize the gifts from this experience.

Writing a detailed and well-structured reflection requires critically examining an event from multiple angles. Thoroughly describing the experience provides context, while in-depth analysis and evaluation foster deep learning.

However, it is through specifically outlining future applications that a reflection truly fulfills its potential to optimize personal and professional enhancement. I hope these guidelines help you craft purposeful reflections that serve as catalysts for positive change.

Written by Mighil โ€” Mighil is an indie musician and tinkerer with diverse work experience in technology and writing. He has had the privilege of serving in various capacities, encompassing generalist and specialist roles. He is currently based in Chengdu.


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